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The primary goal of the study is to contribute to the long-term improvement of the health situation of children, adolescents and young adults in Germany. The following questions represent two examples of questions to be answered by the study:

  • Do active and fit children and adolescents turn into active and fit adults?

  • Does physical activity have an impact on chronic diseases?

For this purpose, the following aspects are investigated:

  1. The effects of internal (personal attitudes, age, sex) and external factors (influence of peers/peer-group, parents, socioeconomic level, environment (urban/rural, east/west), migration background) on the development of physical activity in early and late adolescence.

  2. The effects of physical activity (type, intensity, duration, frequency), internal (age, sex) and external factors (socio-economic level, environment, migration background) exerting an influence on the change/development of physical fitness.

  3. The effects of physical fitness and physical activity as predictors of physical health (e.g., pain, obesity), biochemical risk factors, general state of health and how they affect mental health and quality of life.

  4. The age-related and period effects on physical activity and physical fitness in childhood and adolescence.

The main objectives of MoMo are the long-term improvement of the health status of children and adolescents in Germany with physical activity as one way to this improvement, an identification of the consequences of a lack of physical activity for the selected health parameters (e.g., pain, mental health, quality of life, general health status) as well as the preventive contribution of physical activity and physical fitness on these parameters, and a contribution to the question of how much fitness, respectively physical activity, is needed to be health protective.